Arizona Education Association

Summer 2013

Issue link:

Contents of this Issue


Page 11 of 39

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT Common Core Standards: Text Complexity, cont. from page 11 •Note and assess patterns of writing and what they achieve. •Consider what the text leaves uncertain or unstated. Creating Text-Dependent Questions for Close Analytic Reading of Texts An effective set of text-dependent questions delves systematically into a text to guide students in extracting the key meanings or ideas found there. They typically begin by exploring specific words, details, and arguments and then move on to examine the impact of those specifics on the text as a whole. Along the way they target academic vocabulary and specific sentence structures as critical focus points for gaining comprehension. While there is no set process for generating a complete and coherent body of text-dependent questions for a text, the following process is a good guide that can serve to generate a core series of questions for close reading of any given text. Resources For more information and resources about Common Core Standards, visit the AEA website at For more information and resources about text complexity, visit text-complexity Step One: Identify the Core Understandings and Key Ideas of the Text As in any good reverse engineering or "backwards design" process, teachers should start by identifying the key insights they want students to understand from the text—keeping one eye on the major points being made is crucial for fashioning an overarching set of successful questions and critical for creating an appropriate culminating assignment. Step Two: Start Small to Build Confidence The opening questions should help orient students to the text and are sufficiently specific for students to answer and gain confidence to tackle more difficult questions. Step Three: Target Vocabulary and Text Structure Locate key text structures and the most powerful academic words in the text that are connected to the key ideas and understandings, and craft questions that illuminate these connections. Step Four: Tackle Tough Sections Head-on Find the sections of the text that will present the greatest difficulty and craft questions that support students in mastering these sections Defining "Deep Reading" and "Text-Dependent Questions" at 03/29/defining-deep-reading-and-text-dependentquestions. Summer.13advo.indd 12 12 Summer 2013 x AEA Advocate 3/18/13 12:03 PM

Articles in this issue

Links on this page

Archives of this issue

view archives of Arizona Education Association - Summer 2013